The Different Kind of Paints And Their Uses

Although your house is your personal property and therefore you can paint it both outside and inside in whatever colour you want, the situation is not that simple when it comes to the type of paint you will use for a certain painting project.

There are hundreds of different paints and their brands that are found on the store shelves and it can be a little bit confusing how to choose the right one in order to potentially prevent a time and money consuming mistakes.

For example, it’s not the same if you want to paint an interior or exterior of the house, basement or bedroom. A choice can also depend on the materials you are going to paint because sometimes you can’t even use the same types of paint for different materials such as walls, metal, or glass.

Here you can find some general and common types of paints for house painting according to their ingredients and purposes.


Primers are also known as the sealers. They are not exactly the paints but rather the basis or undercoating whose role is to aggregate the materials and at the same time to clean the surface from dust, smoke, fat, and other impurities.

It is not obligatory to use these coatings in every painting project, but if you’re working on unfinished walls, be sure to apply a coat of primer before you begin painting. Use the latex-based primer if you plan to use the latex paint.

Oil-based primer works well with oil-based paints. The substrate is purchased in a pack of 1 litre or larger packs and diluted with water in a proportion of 1:9. After applying the substrate with a brush or roller, it takes about 45 minutes or the entire hour to dry.

Oil-based, Water-based and Latex House Paint

Nowadays, due to many improvements in their quality, they can be used both for exterior and interior painting.
Oil-based paint is more durable, but it takes longer to dry, and cleaning up needs turpentine or paint thinner (mineral spirits).

They are made with either alkyd (synthetic) or linseed (natural) oils. Alkyd paint is more common because it is less expensive and tougher. Oil-based paint is good for trim work because it takes more abuse over time than walls do.

Latex paint is used as the generic term for all non-oil-based paints. It is easier to work with and dries more quickly, but it isn’t quite as durable as oil-based paint. Latex is good for general painting projects such as walls and ceilings.

Some painting experts say that water-based paint is the best option for the average do-it-yourself homeowner because it retains a smooth and uniform appearance for years. Real benefits of using water-based paint could include improved adhesion performance, mould and mildew resistance, and low VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds) emissions.

Other important advantages, especially when they are used for external walls are shorter dry time, better coverage, and easier clean-up.

Acrylic Paint

Acrylic paint is another name for one of the finest kind of water-based paint, with the addition of acrylic as the binding agent. Due to its characteristics, the acrylic paint for walls and wood is recommended for areas requiring a high physical resistance of the walls and their maintenance.

The colour doesn’t yellow over time and it is resistant to steam and condensation, so it is recommended for kitchens and bathrooms. Acrylic paint for walls and wood in most cases doesn’t require a backing.

They are not only resistant to wiping with the wet cloth, but they are also resistant to weaker detergents so that the painted wall can be washed over many times. They leave a very small tuff, almost imperceptible, especially when the microfiber is applied to the rollers.

It is also possible to apply the paint to the compressor on the wall. In that case, there are no tuffs, and the walls look especially beautiful and are almost ideally flat.

Paint Finishes

The paint comes in a number of different finishes, from flat to high gloss. Some paints also contain enamel, an additive that makes the dried surface harder and less porous.

There are four basic sheens which show the amount of light reflected by the surface of a paint finish: flat (matte finish), satin (eggshell finish), semi-gloss and gloss. They can also be divided into two groups: those that serve for a more beautiful and attractive decoration of space and the walls and long-lasting, durable finishes that will reduce heat loss, and sound transfer and provide years without any trouble with their maintenance.

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